Stem Cell Res Ther PMID:25956503 (2015)

"Activation of Notch1 signalling promotes multi-lineage differentiation of c-KitPOS/NKX2.5POS bone marrow stem cells: implication in stem cell translational medicine"

Ding R1, Jiang X2, Ha Y3, Wang Z4, Guo J5, Jiang H6, Zheng S7, Shen Z8, Jie W9


摘要:

INTRODUCTION:

Transplantation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can repair injured hearts. However, whether BMSC populations contain cells with cardiac stem cell characteristics is ill-defined. We report here that Notch signalling can promote differentiation of c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells.

METHODS:

Total BMSCs were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rat femurs and c-Kit(POS) cells were purified. c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) cells were isolated by single-cell cloning, and the presence of cardiomyocyte, smooth muscle cell (SMC), and endothelial cell differentiation markers assessed by immunofluorescence staining and semi-quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. Levels of c-Kit and Notch1-4 in total BMSCs and c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs were quantitated by flow cytometry. Following infection with an adenovirus over-expressing Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD), total BMSCs and c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) cells were assessed for differentiation to cardiomyocyte, SMC, and endothelial cell lineages by immunofluorescence staining and real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Total BMSCs and c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) cells were treated with the Notch1 ligand Jagged1 and markers of cardiomyocyte, SMC, and endothelial cell differentiation were examined by immunofluorescence staining and real-time quantitative RT-PCR analysis.

RESULTS:

c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) cells were present among total BMSC populations, and these cells did not express markers of adult cardiomyocyte, SMC, or endothelial cell lineages. c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs exhibited a multi-lineage differentiation potential similar to total BMSCs. Following sorting, the c-Kit level in c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs was 84.4%. Flow cytometry revealed that Notch1 was the predominant Notch receptor present in total BMSCs and c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs. Total BMSCs and c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs overexpressing NICD had active Notch1 signalling accompanied by differentiation into cardiomyocyte, SMC, and endothelial cell lineages. Treatment of total BMSCs and c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs with exogenous Jagged1 activated Notch1 signalling and drove multi-lineage differentiation, with a tendency towards cardiac lineage differentiation in c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs.

CONCLUSIONS:

c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) cells exist in total BMSC pools. Activation of Notch1 signalling contributed to multi-lineage differentiation of c-Kit(POS)/NKX2.5(POS) BMSCs, favouring differentiation into cardiomyocytes. These findings suggest that modulation of Notch1 signalling may have potential utility in stem cell translational medicine.

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