Cell Transplant 22:1075 (2013)
Effects of Storage Solutions on the Viability of Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Transplantation.
Chen Y1, Yu B, Xue G, Zhao J, Li RK, Liu Z, Niu B
Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) transplantation has shown promise for the treatment of various diseases. For clinical applications, UC-MSCs have been stored in 0.9% saline, 5% dextrose, dextrose and sodium chloride injection, Plasma-Lyte A, 1% human serum albumin (1% HSA), or 5% HSA before administration, but the effect of storage conditions on the viability and biological function of the cells remains unknown. Freshly harvested UC-MSCs were resuspended and incubated in these solutions for 2, 4, or 6 h at 4°C or room temperature (24°C). Cellviability, apoptotic/necrotic fraction, poststorage growth potential, immunophenotype, immunosuppressive capacity, and differentiation capacity were analyzed. When stored in parenteral solutions, UC-MSCs showed progressive deterioration in survival viability and adhesion ability. After 6-h storage, the best viability and attachment rate of UC-MSCs decreased to 83.0 ± 1.6% and 71.8 ± 3.2%, respectively. Our results suggested that UC-MSCs in these conditions lose their viability in a short time. However, it seems that the other biological functions of the surviving UC-MSCs were little affected. Since UC-MSCs suspended in these mediums lose their survival viability in a short time to levels significantly below the permissible limits (70%) by FDA, precautions need to be taken on using these solutions as suspension medium and further studies on the optimal methods for preservation are urgent.