Transgenic Res 22:169 (2013)
Expression of Biologically Active Human Interferon Alpha 2b in the Milk of Transgenic Mice.
Li H, Liu Q, Cui K, Liu J, Ren Y, Shi D.
Interferon alpha 2b (IFNα-2b) is an important immune regulator widely used in clinic, for the treatment of chronic hepatitis, hairy cell leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia and multiple myeloma, etc. The clinically used IFNα-2b is generally produced by E.Coli, which lacks the post-translational O-glycosylation presents on naturally synthesized protein, and has a short serum half-life. In this study, a transgenic cassette pBCN-IFN-pA-CMV-EGFP was constructed, with a 5.2 kb beta-casein regulation fragment from Jersey cow and a 6×His tagged human Interferon alpha 2b (hIFNα-2b) gene fragment. By using pronuclear microinjection technique, transgenic mice were generated and the expression of IFNα-2b in the milk was assayed. The hIFNα-2b was correctly translated in milk of transgenic mice according to Western blot analysis. The expression level of hIFNα-2b was varied among the transgenic mice, and the highest one was about 29.71 μg/L. The recombinant protein exhibited biological activity in vitro by increasing the luminescence value and the MxA gene expression in established WISH cells, and the specific activity is approximately 2.8 × 10(7 )IU/mg. The expression of recombinant hIFNα-2b in mammary glands of transgenic mice constitutes an important step towards low-cost and full biological activity production of this protein drug in mammary gland bioreactor.