Nucleic Acids Res PMID:25722369 (2015)

"RNAe: an effective method for targeted protein translation enhancement by artificial non-coding RNA with SINEB2 repeat"

Yao Y1, Jin S1, Long H1, Yu Y1, Zhang Z1, Cheng G1, Xu C1, Ding Y1, Guan Q1, Li N1, Fu S1, Chen XJ2, Yan YB2, Zhang H3, Tong P1, Tan Y1, Yu Y1, Fu S1, Li J4, He GJ2, Wu Q5


In this study, a universal protein expression enhancement RNA tool, termed RNAe, was developed by modifying a recently discovered natural long non-coding RNA. At the moment, RNAe is the only technology for gene expression enhancement, as opposed to silencing, at the post-transcriptional level. With this technology, an expression enhancement of 50-1000% is achievable, with more than 200% enhancement achieved in most cases. This work identified the sufficient and necessary element for RNAe function, which was found to be merely 300 nucleotides long and was named minRNAe. It contains a 72-nt 5' pairing sequence which determines the specificity, a 167-nt short non-pairing interspersed nuclear element (SINE) B2 sequence which enhances ribosome recruitment to the target mRNA, and a poly(A) tail, provided together on a plasmid bearing the appropriate sequences. Cellular delivery of RNAe was achieved using routine transfection. The RNAe platform was validated in several widely-used mammalian cell lines. It was proven to be efficient and flexible in specifically enhancing the expression of various endogenous and exogenous proteins of diverse functions in a dose-dependent manner. Compared to the expression-inhibitory tool RNAi, the RNAe tool has a comparable effect size, with an enhancing as opposed to inhibitory effect. One may predict that this brand new technology for enhancing the production of proteins will find wide applications in both research and biopharmaceutical production.

© The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Nucleic Acids Research.

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