J Cell Biochem PMID: 2333493 (2013)

Intratracheal transplantation of Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells inhibits the development of airway remodeling and reduces the airway inflammation in chronic asthma.

Ge X, Bai C, Yang J, Lou G, Li Q, Chen R.


Previous studies proved that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) could improve a variety of immune-mediated disease by its immunomodulatory properties. In this study, we investigated the effect on airway remodeling and airway inflammation by administrating BMSCs in chronic asthmatic mice.

Forty-eight female BALB / c mice were randomly distributed into PBS group, BMSCs treatment group, BMSCs control group and asthmatic group. The levels of cytokine and immunoglobulin in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The number of CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells and morphometric analysis was determined by flow cytometry, hematoxylin-eosin, immunofluorescence staining, periodic-acid Schiff and masson staining, respectively.

We found that airway remodeling and airway inflammation were evident in asthmatic mice. Moreover, low level of IL-12 and high levels of IL-13 , IL-4, OVA-specific IgG1, IgE and IgG2a and the fewer number of CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells were present in asthmatic group. However, transplantation of BMSCs significantly decreased airway inflammation and airway remodeling and level of IL-4, OVA-specific IgE and OVA-specific IgG1, but elevated level of IL-12 and the number of CD4+CD25+regulatory T cells in asthma(P < 0.05). However, BMSCs did not contribute to lung regeneration and had no significant effect on levels of IL-10, IFN-Y and IL-13.

BMSCs engraftment prohibited airway inflammation and airway remodeling in chronic asthmatic group. The beneficial effect of BMSCs might involved the modulation imbalance cytokine toward a new balance Th1-Th2 profiles and up-regulation of protective CD4+CD25+regulatory T cells in asthma, but not contribution to lung regeneration. J. Cell. Biochem. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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