Biomed Pharmacother 66:57 (2012)
Chen HY1, Zhang X, Chen SF, Zhang YX, Liu YH, Ma LL, Wang LX.
This study was designed to investigate the function of 17β-estradiol (17β-E2) against oxidative stress on the cell death of mice bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) induced by hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). BMSCs were treated with 17β-E2 for 24h and then treated with 100μM H₂O₂ for 1h. Cell viability, apoptosis, caspase-9 mRNA, JNKs (Jun N-terminal kinases) and c-Jun protein expression in BMSCs were evaluated. Cell apoptosis of BMSCs were increased in a dose-dependent manner after treated with H₂O₂ compared to control group. But pretreatment with 17β-E2 can inhibit apoptosis of BMSCs, preserve the mitochondrial transmembrane potential, decrease caspase-9 mRNA, JNK1/2 and c-Jun protein expression. In conclusion, 17β-E₂ exerts antiapoptotic effects in BMSCs which related to the mitochondria death pathway and JNKs pathway. The study revealed that 17β-E₂ can reduce the donor stem cells damage.