Connect Tissue Res 55:292 (2014)

Core-shell PLGA/collagen nanofibers loaded with recombinant FN/CDHs as bone tissue engineering scaffolds.

Wang J1, Cui X, Zhou Y, Xiang Q.


Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/collagen nanofibrous scaffolds have been utilized in the tissue engineering field. It has been shown that both fibronectin (FN) and cadherin 11 (CDH) play important roles in the progress of osteogenesis and cell adhesion. The aim of this study was to fabricate recombinant FN/CDHs (rFN/CDHs)-loaded PLGA/collagen nanofibrous scaffolds and evaluate their effects on the adhesion and differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). PLGA/collagen nanofibers were made by coaxial electrospinning. The morphology and mechanical properties of PLGA/collagen nanofibrous mats were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and mechanical testing, respectively. The performance of scaffolds was evaluated in terms of the viability, morphology, and osteogenic gene expression levels of hMSCs. rFN/CDHs was successfully incorporated into the PLGA/collagen nanofibers. The release of rFN/CDHs from PLGA nanofibers was investigated by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. rFN/CDHs improved the mechanical properties of the PLGA/collagen nanofibers. The controlled release of rFN/CDHs can enhance the proliferation of hMSCs and induce osteogenic gene expression (alkaline phosphatase, RUNX2, and osteocalcin). Our data imply that rFN/CDHs may induce hMSCs differentiation into osteoblasts and PLGA/collagen nanofibers loaded with rFN/CDHs have potential in bone tissue engineering.

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