Lasers Med Sci 27:645 (2011)
Peng F, Wu H, Zheng Y, Xu X, Yu J
Source Department of Orthopedics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430060, China
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising for use in regenerative medicine. Low-level light irradiation (LLLI) has been shown to modulate various processes in different biological systems. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of red light emitted from a light-emitting diode (LED) on bone marrow MSCs with or without osteogenic supplements. MSCs both with and without osteogenic supplements were divided into four groups, and each group was irradiated at doses of 0, 1, 2 and 4 J/cm(2). Cellular proliferation was evaluated using WST-8 and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) fluorescence staining. The alkaline phosphatase activity, mineralization, and expression of osteoblast master genes (Col1α1, Alpl, Bglap and Runx2) were monitored as indicators of MSC differentiation towards osteoblasts. In groups without osteogenic supplements, red light at all doses significantly stimulated cellular proliferation, whereas the osteogenic phenotype of the MSCs was not enhanced. In groups with osteogenic supplements, red light increased alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralized nodule formation, and stimulated the expression of Bglap and Runx2, but decreased cellular proliferation. In conclusion, nonconherent red light can promote proliferation but cannot induce osteogenic differentiation of MSCs in normal media, while it enhances osteogenic differentiation and decreases proliferation of MSCs in media with osteogenic supplements.mesenchymal cells (MMCs) into rats treated with ADR. We also induced MMC differentiation in vitro using a medium derived from serum and homogenates of ADR-induced glomerulopathy rats. We detected the induction of an early epithelial phenotype (cytokeratin-18 expression) and a proximal tubule phenotype (vitamin D receptor expression) in vitro, and MMC-derived epithelial cells corresponding to the proximal tubule and glomeruli in vivo. Transplantation of MMCs after induction of glomerulopathy significantly increased the creatinine clearance rate (Ccr), a marker for glomerular filtration rate, but had no significant effect on other parameters (24-hour urinary protein excretion, serum albumin, total cholesterol). In addition, there was no significant difference in blood urea nitrogen or serum creatinine levels in rats with and without ADR administration. Our results indicate that MMCs might survive, engraft and differentiate into renal epithelia in vivo when transplanted into ADR-treated rats. However, further studies are needed to determine whether MMC transplantation improves renal function and causes renal repair in this model.