Catalog Number: C001436
Genetic Background: Balb/c
Reproduction: Homozygote x Homozygote
The IL2RG gene encodes the interleukin-2 receptor gamma chain (IL-2Rγ), also known as the common gamma chain (γc). This receptor subunit is shared by several immune factors, including IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9, IL-15, and IL-21. When these cytokines bind to their receptors, they promote cell growth and division. Mutations in the IL2RG gene can lead to X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID), a condition characterized by a lack of T cells and natural killer cells, and non-functional B cells. As a result, patients with X-SCID are highly susceptible to recurrent infections and are unable to survive beyond infancy [1-2]. In mice, knockout of the Il2rg gene leads to severe depletion of B cells, T cells, and NK cells .
The RAG2 gene encodes a protein that forms the RAG complex with the RAG1 protein. This complex plays a crucial role in V(D)J recombination during B and T cell maturation. The RAG complex attaches to a section of DNA called a recombination signal sequence (RSS), next to a V, D, or J segment, and makes small cuts in the DNA so that the segment can be separated and moved. This process is repeated multiple times in different areas within B cells and T cells so that the V, D, and J segments are arranged in various combinations, providing greater recognition of foreign invaders . Lack of functional RAG2 protein can lead to SCID. In mice, deletion of the Rag2 gene leads to loss of V(D)J recombination resulting in blocked differentiation, development, and maturation of T cells and B cells .
BRG mice are models with the double knockout of Il2rg and Rag2 genes. This model presents more severe depletion of B cells, T cells, and NK cells as well as other severe combined immunodeficiency phenotypes than mice with knockout of either the Il2rg or Rag2 genes alone . BRG mice can be used for research in various fields of oncology and immunology.
The Il2rg and Rag2 genes were knocked out in Balb/c mice to generate BRG mice. The targeting strategies for Il2rg and Rag2 knockout are presented below.
Figure 1. Targeting strategy for Il2rg knockout
Figure 2. Targeting strategy for Rag2 knockout
● Oncology: Investigating the mechanisms underlying tumor growth and metastasis, and evaluating the efficacy of antitumor drugs.
● Immunology: Exploring the mechanisms of immune cell development and maturation, as well as the pathogenesis of immune diseases.
● Epidemiology: Examining the mechanisms of viral and bacterial infectious disease pathogenesis.
● Stem Cell Biology: Investigating the potential of human stem cell transplantation.
1. Detection of T and B cells
Figure 3. Comparison of T and B cell populations in BRG and Balb/c wild-type mice. FACS analysis revealed a near-complete depletion of B cells (CD3-CD19+) and T cells (CD3+CD19-) in the peripheral blood (PB), bone marrow (BM), and spleen of BRG mice relative to wild-type mice.
2. Detection of NK cells
Figure 4. Comparison of NK cell populations in BRG and Balb/c wild-type mice. FACS analysis revealed a significant depletion of NK cells (CD3-CD335+) in the peripheral blood (PB), bone marrow (BM), and spleen of BRG mice relative to wild-type mice.
BRG mice, which are severely immunodeficient on a BALB/c background, were generated by knocking out the IL2rg and Rag2 genes. Immune cells, including B, T, and NK cells, were analyzed and quantified in BRG mice using FACS. The results revealed that B, T, and NK cells were significantly deficient in BRG mice compared to wild-type mice. The BRG mouse model can be utilized for hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) or peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC)-derived immune system reconstruction experiments, as well as tumor transplantation experiments such as CDX and PDX. These experiments can provide insights into the developmental and maturation modes of immune cells, the mechanisms underlying immune-deficiency diseases, viral and bacterial infectious diseases, and the validation and evaluation of anti-tumor drugs.
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